|Country Number (20)||1966||FIRST WAVE|
|Language/s||Thai||Dubbed (simulcast with English)|
Television Stations / Channels
Thailand began its television service in 1955.
In the 1960s, Thailand had two television stations: THAI TV, channel 4, a government-owned broadcaster, and The Royal Thai Army Television Company - HSA-TV, channel 7 (became Channel 5 when it switched to colour in 1974), a privately owned broadcaster, run by the Thai army.
A third channel - Channel 3 - was launched in 1970 by The Bangkok Entertainment Company Ltd. Its broadcast range was initially only within Bangkok. This station was later known as Thai TV Color Channel 3.
It was on the Army TV channel 7 that Doctor Who aired in the 1960s, and possibly on Channel 3 in the late 70s/80s.
The official language of Thailand is Thai, although English is recognised as a secondary language taught in schools.
Television is broadcast in a mixture of both Thai and English - the Thai soundtrack was dubbed locally; the original English soundtrack was simulcast on FM radio bands. For channel 4 it was on FM radio 96.5 Mcs, and for Channel 7 it was 90.25 and 105 mcs.
Another common "dubbing" method used by the television stations in the 1960s was for actors to perform the Thai soundtrack live during transmission. Whether this method was utilised on Doctor Who is unknown. (The fact that Thailand aired Marco Polo and The Reign of Terror, two stories for which "Music / Effects" only soundtracks were not available, suggests that "dubbed live" may have been used by channel 7 for these two serials at least.)
DOCTOR WHO IN THAILAND
Thailand was the 20th country to screen Doctor Who. It was also the first non-Commonwealth country, and also the first non-English-language nation to screen the series (see Selling Doctor Who).
The second of the two Peter Cushing / Dalek movies was shown in Thai cinemas under the title "หุ่นยนต์ ทำลายโลก" (Robots Destroy the World).
The white text - ปีเตอร์ ที่นอน and เบอร์นาร์ด เครบินอ - above the main title in red is "Peter Cushing" and "Bernard Cribbins".
It's not known when film was shown - if it was released in late 1966 or during 1967 it would have been playing while the run of William Hartnell episodes were still being broadcast.
Thailand is named in the list of 27 countries in The Making of Doctor Who (1972 Piccolo edition).
Stories bought and broadcast
Eleven stories, 53 episodes:
|A||An Unearthly Child||4|
|C||Inside the Spaceship||2|
|E||The Keys of Marinus||6|
|H||The Reign of Terror||6|
|J||Planet of Giants||3|
|K||The Dalek Invasion of Earth||6|
Thailand therefore bought the standard package of GROUP A, B, and C of the William Hartnell stories.
The programme was supplied as 16mm black and white film prints with English soundtracks.
Origin of the Prints?
Thailand TV would have required Music / Effects only soundtracks to enable them to dub the episodes into Thai if that was requirement – or in the case of the serials that didn't have a M / E sound track, i.e. Marco Polo and The Reign of Terror, dubbed "live" (as noted above), or maybe broadcast just in English.
It's highly likely that the 53 films were supplied from Hong Kong, the only other country in Asian country to screen just those same 53 episodes. Hong Kong would have sent each serial over to Thailand soon after transmission; that Thailand had a number of pre-emptions during the run (see below) may be on account of the films arriving very late from Hong Kong, or if they were re-voiced, it was due to the dubbing requirements of certain episodes taking longer than expected.
The series started on Saturday, 20 August 1966, at 5.30pm. It screened weekly at that time, or at 5.28pm for 17 episodes mid-way through the run. There were three weeks in which no episode aired (4 and 11 February 1967, and 30 September). However, the run ended after 68 weeks on 2 December 1967, which means there were 12 "extra" weeks. But it's more likely these are due to pre-emptions rather than repeats or additional episodes sold but not recorded in our main BBC Records sources.
It is noted in the book, Broadcasting in Asia and the Pacific (John A Lent, 1978), it was not uncommon in Thailand that published schedules were "often unrelated to what is aired. Programs run late, or not at all, and substitutions are made without prior notice".
Indeed, the TV listings contain (as they are all want to do) the disclaimer: "N.B.: Program is subject to changes without notice".
This would certainly explain the discrepancy of twelve "additional" episodes during this run.
If the "dubbed as it was transmitted" method was used for the series, it's possible most of the pre-empting was on account of the live recording facilities not always being available on the night.
There is no clear record that Channel 7 screened Doctor Who again, even after the switch to PAL colour in 1973 -- but see note below.
Fate of the Prints?
It is possible that a run of Tom Baker stories aired on colour station Channel 3 in the late 1970s/early 80s. According to this nostalgia website, a viewer recalls watching TV programs about UFOs on Thai TV in the 70s, and names Doctor Who.
|← AIRDATES ...... (CLICK ICON TO GO TO TABLE SHOWING EPISODE BREAKDOWN AND AIRDATES - N/S = story title is Not Stated)|
TV listings have been obtained from the newspapers, Bangkok Post and Bangkok World. The latter gave the full week's listings in the Wednesday issues.
Listings initially gave the series name as "Dr Who" or "Dr WHO!" (complete with capitalisation and punctuation).
None of the listings had story titles, so we can only assume that the stories aired in the correct order. As noted earlier, there are 12 additional listings for the series – all of which can be attributed to pre-emptions.
At times the Bangkok World would have a different starting time than that given by the Bangkok Post: the example imaged here for 28 January 1967 shows a two-minute divergence from the 17.28 time.
One striking aspect of the listings for "Dr WHO!", is the start and end times – 17.30 to 19.05 in the first example shown here. This shouldn't be read that the programme ran for over 90 minutes! No, the reason for this is, that non-English programmes would also screen during the evening's schedule, but these would understandably not be recorded in the TV listings of English-language newspapers. (Compare the two listings above; the second one also omits several programmes that the first listing includes.)
We have not been able to access Thai newspapers from the 70s or 80s to check if Tom Baker was shown.